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Cemetourism conference: call for papers

[Download a copy of this call for papers]

Highgate Cemetery is hosting this year’s annual conference of the Association of Significant Cemeteries of Europe (ASCE) on Zoom. The theme is Cemetourism: Cemeteries with stories to tell.

It will take a practical rather than historical approach to significant cemeteries, looking at questions of ‘how’.

  • How can cemeteries communicate their cultural importance to the public?
  • How can cemeteries establish why are they important, and to whom?
  • How can cemeteries engage with visitors and potential visitors?
  • How best can cemeteries share their understanding of their cultural value?
  • How can cemeteries enrich the visitor experience?
  • How can cemeteries do all this while respecting their primary purpose as places of burial?

We are seeking speakers with practical knowledge or experience who can communicate well to a broad international audience.

1. Conference dates and venue

Thursday 11 and Friday 12 November 2021. Online, via Zoom.

2. Conference themes

Papers are invited along the following themes:

  • Understanding the cultural significance of cemeteries
  • Developing the unique story of your cemetery
  • Wayfinding: helping visitors navigate to the parts that matter
  • Cemetery museums: complementing the outdoor experience
  • Cultural programming in cemeteries
  • Working with tourism promotion agencies
  • Reconciling tourism with burial activities

3. Conference papers

Papers should last no longer than 25 minutes, excluding questions. The conference language is English. You will need to be able to present online to participate.

4. Proposals

Please use the form below to submit an abstract of no more than 300 words summarising your intended paper no later than Friday 9 July 2021
Successful contributors will be notified by 26 July 2021. Conference bookings will open on 1 September 2021.

5. Editorial board

Ian Dungavell, John Moffatt, Andreea Pop, Ioanna Paraskevopoulou

6. Further information

Please email 2021@cemetourism.net
Follow us on Twitter: @Cemetourism
Visit www.cemetourism.net

Our landscape masterplan competition exhibition is now online

1 April 2021

The four shortlisted entries in Highgate Cemetery's Landscape Masterplan competition are now on line.

We are now inviting you to share your thoughts on the teams' submissions.  This is a first informal chance to give us feedback, as well as your ideas and thoughts at this very early stage. We will share them with the judging panel and winning team to inform our plans as they develop.

Visit highgatecemetery.org/competitions to see the entries and share your thoughts. 

Highgate Cemetery is looking for new trustees

This is both an exciting and a critical time for the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust. Forty years ago the Friends took over a historic cemetery abandoned by its owners. It was overgrown. Its monuments were falling to pieces and many had been vandalised. Since then they have worked a miracle.

Vegetation has been cut back, listed monuments repaired and Highgate Cemetery now welcomes one hundred thousand visitors a year. We have built up substantial reserves. 

But time has moved on. Decay continues and self-seeded trees have taken root all over the cemetery, damaging graves. Climate change brings new challenges. Visitors expect enhanced facilities.

Now we are moving forward with initiatives requiring us to marshal our resources carefully. 

We are looking for trustees bringing a wide range of skills from financial judgement to human relations, heritage appreciation, and fundraising, underlain by a concern for the local community and those whose friends and family are buried in the cemetery.

This year we are particularly seeking candidates with practical skills and experience in the following areas:
• Finance and accounting
• Horticulture
• Legal
• Fundraising and marketing
• Commercial business experience

Trustee meetings are held six times a year in the early evening. Trustees also participate in one or more of the Trust’s subcommittees depending on their interests and experience.

How to apply

For reference only: the Trustee Candidate Pack. Applications closed at 5pm on Wednesday 5 May 2021.

Our Annual General Meeting will be held on 6 July 2021.

We value diversity of perspective and lived experience and we particularly welcome applications from disabled candidates, people of colour, from all backgrounds and fields.

Finalists announced to help shape Highgate Cemetery for future generations

18 February 2021

World-famous Highgate Cemetery, resting place of many well-known people from Karl Marx to Lucian Freud, today announced the finalists in its Landscape and Architectural Projects competitions.

This takes the Cemetery a step closer to commissioning a new 25-year masterplan for the site, which will secure its future and ensure it remains a historic, and sustainable, twenty-first century cemetery.

Last November the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust (FOHCT) launched two competitions to find the best talents in landscape design and architecture to conserve and enhance the site. The competition brief set out the challenges and opportunities for Highgate Cemetery posed by climate change, decay and evolving visitor expectations.

Entrants were asked to balance the requirements of a working cemetery with the cultural heritage and community needs, along with a growing number of visitors.

The competitions attracted practices with some of the most creative and internationally recognised expertise in their fields. The finalists are:

The Landscape Competition:

  • Colvin and Moggridge
  • Gustafson Porter and Bowman
  • J&L Gibbons
  • Periscope

The Architectural Projects Competition:

  • Caruso St John
  • Dow Jones
  • Hopkins
  • Manalo & White
  • MICA Architects
  • Purcell
     

The landscape finalists will now develop their ideas before an online public exhibition of their proposals in April, while the architectural finalists will set out their understanding of Highgate Cemetery’s needs and their approach to design. The winners will be announced in May.

Martin Adeney, Chair of the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust said:
‘We are delighted to have had a such a strong response to our Landscape and Architectural Project competitions. The output will provide us with a landscape vision and blueprint for managing the Cemetery over the next 25 years. Changes will take place gradually and it will be some time before we see work beginning. Meanwhile, we look forward to seeing developed submissions from the finalists and will welcome thoughts on the Landscape Masterplan concepts when we launch our online exhibition in April.

‘The winners of the competitions will be announced in May and we will work with them to ensure the Cemetery remains the place of enchantment which so many people value, whose carefully-tended natural environment provides sanctuary for those buried here and their loved ones, as well as the thousands who visit.’

A short film about Highgate Cemetery and the people that make it what is can be found here.

Conserving and enhancing a world-famous Cemetery

25 November 2020

Highgate Cemetery, resting place of many well-known people from Karl Marx to Lucian Freud, is launching two open competitions to ensure the captivating site is conserved and enhanced for future generations.

Whilst the Cemetery retains its enchanting atmosphere, its monuments are under threat from long-term decay and maturing self-seeded trees. The trees themselves are increasingly stressed by climate change and afflicted by new pests and diseases. More extreme weather is eroding gravel paths and overwhelming the historic drainage systems. All this is undermining the historic landscape design and reducing biodiversity. Added to concerns related to sustainability and the climate emergency, it is clear that the Cemetery needs to find a way to adapt to the new demands of the twenty-first century.

That is why the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust is today launching two open competitions. The first is to find the best practitioners in landscape design to develop a landscape masterplan. The second is to find an architect-led multidisciplinary design team to investigate projects to preserve and enhance the historic structures and improve facilities for staff and visitors. A comprehensive Conservation Plan completed in 2019 forms the bedrock of these competitions.

Martin Adeney, Chair of the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust, said: ‘We will be working with the local community, cemetery volunteers and experts so that the trees, paths, monuments and buildings will be better looked after, the Cemetery will continue to function as an active burial ground and visiting will be easier and more rewarding.

‘This is important because Highgate is still a working cemetery with over 170,000 people buried here and in more usual times welcomes over 100,000 visitors a year from all over the world.

‘Having saved the Cemetery from dereliction in the 1970s, and secured the major monuments, the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust is now looking at how this world-famous resting place of so many distinguished people can be conserved and enhanced for future generations.

‘We are seeking the most imaginative practitioners to work with us in developing a new landscape vision that can sensitively respond to the history and character of Highgate Cemetery. We will ensure that the Cemetery remains the place of enchantment which so many people value, whose carefully-tended natural environment provides sanctuary for those buried here and their loved ones, as well as the thousands who visit.’

Jane Findlay, President of the Landscape Institute said ‘As custodians of such a significant landscape site, by launching these competitions, the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust has taken the important step in ensuring it will be fit for the twenty-first century.

‘This is not a short-term undertaking, but it is an important one. The landscape masterplan will guide the development of the Cemetery for the next twenty-five years, so it is important that we attract the best talents in landscape design and architecture for this world-renowned cemetery. As the chartered body for the landscape profession, we are delighted to have been able to use our expertise in the sector to create this landscape competition.’

HOW THE COMPETITIONS WILL WORK

The two competitions are open to landscape architects and to architects respectively, and multi-disciplinary landscape, architecture and design practices may choose to enter both competitions.

The competitions will run simultaneously as the landscape, buildings and facilities need to be considered holistically.


Highgate Cemetery Landscape Competition

Highgate Cemetery is looking for the best team to produce a landscape masterplan to guide the development of the Cemetery over the next twenty-five years. The plan must preserve and enhance the qualities for which the Cemetery has been appreciated over generations while enabling it to meet the varied demands and expectations of the twenty-first century.

  • In Stage 1 entrants will set out their preliminary landscape vision and framework as well as their experience of projects such as ours. It is open to everyone who is a qualified landscape architect registered with the Landscape Institute in the UK or the equivalent in their home country.
  • In Stage 2 four shortlisted teams will be asked to develop their initial designs into an outline masterplan for which they will receive an honorarium. Their submissions will include fee proposals and responses on a number of issues that will form our contract with them. An online public exhibition is planned in Spring 2021 to obtain public views and inform next steps. A single team will then be appointed to develop their proposals for implementation.

Timings: Stage 1 entries by 13 January 2021. Stage 2 will run from 1 February to 24 March 2021. Site visits will be offered in week commencing 7 December 2020.

Please visit highgatecemetery.org/competitions for more information.

 

Highgate Cemetery Architectural Projects Competition

Highgate Cemetery is looking for an architect-led multidisciplinary team to consider how to conserve historic structures and improve facilities at the Cemetery for visitors and staff. The competition is open to architects registered with the Architects Registration Board in the UK or the equivalent in their home country.

The successful team will be talented enough to produce exceptional quality of design and respectful enough for this to sit happily within the Grade 1 registered landscape and adjacent to the many listed structures.

  • In Stage 1 entrants will complete a four-part Standard Selection Questionnaire, including explanations of how they will approach the project, similar projects they have successfully delivered in the past, and details of their team.
  • In Stage 2 six teams will be selected and asked to submit initial ideas on the projects that we envisage. Their submissions will include fee proposals and responses on a number of issues that will form our contract with them.

Timings: Stage 1 entries by 20 January 2021. Stage 2 will run from 1 February to 24 March 2021. Site visits will be offered in week commencing 7 December 2020.

Please visit highgatecemetery.org/competitions for more information.

Winners of both competitions will be announced in May 2021.

A short film about Highgate Cemetery and the people that make it what is can be found at highgatecemetery.org/competitions

Ends -

 

For further information, images or interviews please contact Adela Cragg or Morag Wood at the Culture Communications Collective on:

T: 07532 685 614 E: adela@culturecommscollective.com or

T: 07976 081 044 E: morag@culturecommscollective.com

 

Notes to editors:

Highgate Cemetery, opened in 1839, was set up by a private company. From the outset it welcomed visitors captivated by the beauty of its scenery as well as those who came to remember the dead. They would muse on the meaning of the inscriptions, admire the art of the monuments and no doubt reflect on their own mortality. But it was a victim of its own success: as space ran out it became uneconomical to run and by the 1970s was virtually abandoned by its founders.

Today, Highgate Cemetery is owned and run by the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust, who saved it from dereliction in 1975. It is a registered charity and all income is devoted to the maintenance and enhancement of the site for the public benefit.

It is the resting place of many well-known people, from Karl Marx to Lucian Freud, George Eliot to Radclyffe Hall, Michael Faraday to Beryl Bainbridge, as well as 170,000 other Londoners.

The Highgate Cemetery Landscape Competition is being managed and administered by Artelia UK and the Landscape Institute on behalf of Highgate Cemetery Limited, which is the operating subsidiary of the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust.

The Highgate Cemetery Architectural Projects Competition is also being managed and administered by Artelia UK.
 

Highgate Cemetery East to reopen for visitors this weekend

3 June 2020

This weekend, Saturday 6 and Sunday 7 June, Highgate Cemetery East will be open for visitors. 

To keep everyone safe in these Covid-19 times, entry will be by timed ticket only. Tickets won't be sold on site. This will help us control the number of people arriving at any one time, and so maintain social distancing. Visitors will be able to remain in the Cemetery as long as they wish until the gates are locked at 5pm. 

If you are a member of FOHCT, you do not need to book but do bring your membership card and join the queue when you get here.  

Timed entry tickets can be booked here

Please note there is no visitor parking. The government asks that you avoid public transport. We're following government advice on coronavirus. Please help everyone stay safe by doing the same. See www.gov.uk/coronavirus.

Future dates will be announced in due course.  

Grave owner visits

Highgate Cemetery has been opening for grave owners only on Monday, Wednesday and Friday afternoons from 2pm to 5pm. Please check our website before visiting in case there have been any changes. 

Grave owners will also be able to visit this weekend, Saturday 6 and Sunday 7 June, from 10am to 5pm. Last entry at 4.30pm. 

Please bring your own watering can if you need one. 

Highgate Cemetery is closed until further notice, except for burials and visits by grave owners.

22 May 2020

Visiting

Highgate Cemetery is once again open for visits by grave owners only.

Opening times are on our home page and are posted at the cemetery entrance.. 

Grave owners will need to bring their passes for entry, and to phone the Duty Manager on 07305 007 241 to be let in and out.

Of course, anyone with covid19 symptoms must stay at home!

Grave sales and burials

Our burial activities continue as normal. To buy a grave or arrange a burial, please first visit highgatecemetery.org/burials.

Please check back here for further information as the situation develops.

The Highgate Cemetery Bill

28 November 2019

For more on the Highgate Cemetery Bill, see our page on Renewal

 

IN PARLIAMENT :        SESSION 2019–20

HIGHGATE CEMETERY BILL

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that application has been made to Parliament by the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust  (“the Trust”) for leave to introduce a Bill in the new Session under the above name or short title.

The purposes of the Bill are to confer powers on the Trust, who is the burial authority responsible for Highgate Cemetery (“the cemetery”).  These powers would authorise the Trust to extinguish rights of burial in grave spaces where such a right has not been exercised for at least 75 years from the last burial or if there has been no burial, from the date of the grant of that right. Where such rights are extinguished, the Bill also authorises the Trust to disturb and reinter human remains in graves in the cemetery in order to increase the space for further interments in such graves and for the improvement of the cemetery. The powers would also enable the Trust to use appropriately or remove altogether from the cemetery any memorials on such graves. The same powers are already available to local authorities in London in respect of cemeteries for which they are responsible.  The powers would enable the Trust, following consultation with or at the request of Historic England and the London Borough of Camden, to designate “protected graves”.  If a grave is protected in this way, then the powers to extinguish burial rights and disturb remains can only be exercised with the agreement of Historic England and the London Borough of Camden. The Bill also makes provision for the repeal of historic and redundant legislation pertaining to the London Cemetery Company, which was the statutory company originally responsible for the cemetery, together with other ancillary provisions.

Click to download a copy of the Highgate Cemetery Bill.

On and after 4 December 2019 a copy of the Bill may be inspected and copies of it obtained at the price of £3 each at the offices of:

Highgate Cemetery
Swain’s Lane
London N6 6PJ

Mondays to Fridays: 10:00 to 16:00

Saturdays, Sundays and Bank Holidays:
By arrangement (Telephone: 020 8340 1834)

 

BDB Pitmans LLP
50 Broadway, Westminster,
London SW1H 0BL

Mondays to Fridays: 09:30 to 17:30

Saturdays, Sundays, 27 December 2019 and Bank Holidays: Closed

 

Objection to the Bill may be made by depositing a Petition against it in the Office of the Clerk of the Parliaments, if the Bill is introduced in the House of Lords, or in the Private Bill Office of the House of Commons, if the Bill is introduced in that House.  The latest date for the deposit of such a Petition in the First House will be 30 January 2020 if the Bill originates in the House of Commons, or 6 February 2020 if it originates in the House of Lords.  The latest date for deposit of such a Petition in the Second House will be the tenth day after the first reading of the Bill in that House or, if the House is not sitting on that day, on the next day on which that House sits.

Further information regarding petitioning may be found on the Parliament’s webpage at: https://www.parliament.uk/about/how/laws/bills/private/privatebillpetition/ or by contacting either—

the Office of the Clerk of the Parliaments, House of Lords:

E-mail: hlprivatebills@parliament.uk

Telephone: 020 7219 3231

 

the Private Bill Office of the House of Commons:

E-mail: prbohoc@parliament.uk

Telephone: 020 7219 6008

We say goodbye to our Cedar

6 August 2019

Nobody knows how old was the Cedar of Lebanon at the heart of Highgate Cemetery, but the guess is at least 250 years.  It became a stunning landscape feature when the Cemetery was laid out around it in 1837-8. 

But unfortunately this grand old tree has reached the end of its time and has had to be removed. The tree experts rated it as ‘high risk’, having a high potential of catastrophic failure and posing a risk to both persons and property. We were advised to make it safe immediately. 

"We didn't want to believe the report," said Dr Ian Dungavell, Chief Executive of the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust. "Although it had suffered from snow and lightning, it was by far the most important tree in the Cemetery, and we had been doing everything to keep it well."

However, significant decay had been detected in each of the three main stems. And one of them had a fungus, Laetiporus sulphureus, which degrades the lignin within the timber and causes brown cubical rot, making it prone to brittle and unpredictable failure.  Worse, the southern of two fused vertical twin-stems, which was structurally supporting the south-western portion of the crown (about half of the entire crown), was predominantly dead. 

"We went through it very carefully, stem-by-stem, but the conclusions were inescapable," he said. "Around 25,000 people walk beneath that tree every year. And it sits on top of a large Grade 1-listed structure, the 'Lebanon Catacombs', which themselves contain quite a number of burials in fragile, lead-lined coffins. A collapse would have been horrific."

"The hunt is now on to find a replacement tree, as big as it can be, which can fill that spot for another two hundred years or more."  

Diane Keaton and Brendan Gleeson were seen picnicking beneath the Cedar of Lebanon in the film Hampstead (2017). 

 

 

Highgate Cemetery Conservation Plan

20 February 2019

This is the Conservation Plan for Highgate Cemetery. (26MB pdf) The plan has been prepared by a leading multi-disciplinary consultancy, Alan Baxter Ltd, and so it benefits from their considerable knowledge and experience. We consulted members, volunteers and the public about what the plan might include and the plan responds to that consultation. The resulting document sets out the history and significance of this special place, and explains how we propose to look after it in the future.

There are three main strands to the proposals:

Trees, monuments and buildings will be better looked after
Trees of the most suitable species in the most suitable places and in good health will make it easier, and safer, to appreciate the quality of our historic landscape. Furthermore, not only will they be less likely to damage memorials, this will be better for biodiversity too.  In addition, we would like to reveal many of the memorials currently hidden by ivy, and to restore the more important of them so that future generations will be able to appreciate them as we do. We would also like to return our chapel and its setting to its proper appearance, especially by reinstating the chapel’s lost cupola, pinnacles and finials.

The cemetery will continue to function as an active burial ground
A closed cemetery is a dead cemetery, so we will investigate how we can continue to provide for the burial needs of current and future generations. This could involve reclaiming grave space which has never been used, or re-using graves that are no longer wanted, or creating additional spaces for cremated remains in columbaria and attractive garden settings. All of this can be knitted in carefully and respectfully to our wonderful historic environment.

Visiting will be easier, and more rewarding
We are keen to improve the visitor experience, from sharing our acquired knowledge of the Cemetery and who is buried here, to helping people find their way around better on site. We propose to explore the opening of the West Cemetery for free-flow visitors in addition to our excellent guided tours. We would also like to provide better displays and interpretive material, as well as the creature comforts everyone expects nowadays: some food, drink and adequate toilets.

All this can be done while preserving the essential character of the place. We believe that evolution rather than revolution is the way forward. The next step will be to develop an implementation plan. This will set out how we intend to prioritise and deliver the actions set out in the conservation plan. This plan will be determined by a number of factors, including our ability to secure the necessary funding. We anticipate that we may also need help from the National Lottery Heritage Fund and private donors, as well as a new Act of Parliament if we are to manage our burial space more effectively.

Highgate Cemetery is one of the world’s finest garden cemeteries, and the policies in this Conservation Plan are intended to help keep it that way.

ADAM COOKE
Chair, Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust

Working towards a conservation plan for Highgate Cemetery

25 April 2018

Highgate Cemetery has been in use as a cemetery for 179 years and has now reached a point where important decisions need to be made about its future. Burial space is running out and maturing trees are destroying graves and memorials. Doing nothing is not an option.

Towards a conservation plan

We have commissioned a conservation plan to guide the future of the cemetery. The purpose of a conservation plan is to make sure that when you make changes to a place, these changes should not only maintain but enhance what is special about it. The conservation plan should be completed by the end of this year and there will be a public consultation on the final draft plan before it is adopted. 

What has been done so far?

  • Alan Baxter Ltd, our consultants, produced a draft Initial baseline study in June 2017 to summarise their current understanding of Highgate Cemetery.  
  • In June-July 2017 we held an exhibition at the Cemetery and online entitled Highgate Cemetery at a crossroads.  
  • We invited visitors to complete a questionnaire either on paper or online. The numerical results are collated here
  • Then followed a draft Options Report which set out the main strategic issues facing Highgate Cemetery, as well as some options for each of the character areas identified. 

We have put these documents online so that you can see some of the process which has informed our thinking. But please do bear in mind that the drafts are just that.  There will be a formal opportunity to comment on the full conservation plan, but should you wish to make any comments on these documents, please email info@highgatecemetery.org.

What's next?

Our consultants are now working on the draft full conservation plan. It will contain the policies which will guide our management of the Cemetery into the future. 

We will post the draft on this website in June and invite comments on it. Once those comments have been reviewed and any required changes incorporated, the conservation plan will be adopted as policy by the trustees.

The next stage will be implementing the policies set out in the plan. 

George Michael (1963-2016) RIP

30 March 2017

George Michael's grave is in a private part of Highgate Cemetery which is not accessible to visitors. 

Friends should contact the family for access.

Tributes should not be left at the cemetery as there is no space to receive them. 

George Michael's grave will not be visited on tours of Highgate Cemetery.

 

Some fans have asked how to make a donation in memory of George Michael.  If you would like to donate to the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust, the charity which cares for Highgate Cemetery, please click the donate button. The Friends do not make a profit  because they reinvest their income to maintain and enhance the cemetery.

Meta bourneti at home in Highgate Cemetery

Rare spider find a first for London

16 January 2013

A large, rare spider has been recorded for the first time in London — deep in tombs at Highgate Cemetery. As part of the Wild London Inclusive London project, staff at London Wildlife Trust have been working with the staff and local community of Highgate Cemetery since last summer. During a bat survey in December, Trust staff came across a population of large spiders in the vaults of the Egyptian Avenue at the Cemetery.

First London record

Interestingly, these orb weavers are the species Meta bourneti, the rarer of two species of Meta (Britain’s largest orb weavers). The identity of the spider was confirmed by Edward Milner, Spider Recorder at the London Natural History Society — and it is the very first record of the species in London!

An unusual lifestyle

Meta bourneti is particularly fascinating because, due to its origins as a cave-dweller (also known as a cave spider), it requires total darkness. Even an outdoor night time environment is too bright for it, so the spiders never leave the tombs. A sealed vault, on the other hand, provides a perfect breeding ground. Most of these vaults - walk-in tombs designed to house around four coffins — have not been opened for several years. And, because the structures date from the late 1830s, it’s quite possible the spiders discovered have lived in the tombs for at least 150 years without being detected.

One of the largest spiders in Britain

The find is made even more exciting by the spider’s large size. Most new spider records are for tiny species, but Meta bourneti measures over 30mm in diameter with leg-span included. Meta spiders are amongst the largest spiders found in Britain. In addition, the size of the population at Highgate Cemetery is substantial: A very rough initial estimate puts the number of adults at as many as a hundred. More research will now be carried out.

Tony Canning, London Wildlife Trust Community Outreach Officer for Camden and lead on the project, commented: “The discovery of this important spider population in the heart of London shows just how valuable cemeteries such as Highgate can be in providing refuges for wildlife.”

Background

During the various species surveys recently undertaken at Highgate Cemetery — and with the help of several expert specialists — London Wildlife Trust staff have discovered 227 species previously unrecorded at the site on London’s environmental records centre, Greenspace Information for Greater London (GiGL).

Meta spiders prey on small insects and woodlice. The females produce teardrop-shaped eggsacs, which hang suspended on a silk thread from the roof of their dwelling. When the spiderlings first emerge they are attracted to light, unlike the adults which are strongly repelled by light. This helps the spiderlings find new areas to colonise.

Meta bourneti also need constant temperatures and high levels of humidity. Elsewhere in the UK, these spiders can be found in sewers, old cellars and abandoned railway tunnels.

Thanks to the London Wildlife Trust.